Document Type: Review Article

Authors

1 Exercise Physiology Research Center AND Department of Exercise Physiology, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Exercise Physiology Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

5 Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran

6 Department of Pediatric Neurology, Bahrami Children Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common movement disorder in children that is associated with life-long disability and multiple impairments. The clinical manifestations of CP vary among children. CP is accompanied by a wide range of problems and has a broad spectrum. Children with CP demonstrate poor fine and dross motor function due to psychomotor disturbances. Early rehabilitation programs are essential for children with CP and should be appropriate for the age and functional condition of the patients. Kinesio taping (KT) technique is a relatively new technique applied in rehabilitation programs of CP. This article reviews the effects of KT techniques on improving motor skills in children with CP. In this study, we used keywords "cerebral palsy, Kinesio Tape, KT and Taping" in the national and international electronic databases between 1999 and 2016. Out of the 43 articles obtained, 21 studies met the inclusion criteria. There are several different applications about KT technique in children with CP. Review of the literature demonstrated that the impact of this technique on gross and fine motor function and dynamic activities is more effective than postural and static activities. Also this technique has more effectiveness in the child at higher developmental and motor stages. The majority of consistent findings showed that KT technique as part of a multimodal therapy program can be effective in the rehabilitation of children with CP to improve motor function and dynamic activities especially in higher developmental and motor stages.