Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Multiple Sclerosis Research Center, Neuroscience Institute; Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Psychology, School of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Psychiatry, Baharloo Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Background: Emotional intelligence refers to a process through which an individual is not only capable of understanding his/her/others’ emotions, but also is able to manage them. Emotional intelligence can get disturbed due to different neurological diseases. Since cognition and emotion are directly and closely related, the present study aims to evaluate the relationship between emotional intelligence and cognitive disorders in patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS).Methods: The demographic data of 92 MS patients participating in this study were recorded. The emotional intelligence and cognitive disorders were studied using the Bradberry-Greaves, and MS Neuropsychological Questionnaire (MSNQ) tests, respectively.Results: 16 men and 76 women were considered in this study. The mean age of the participants was 33.4 years, the mean duration of the disease was 6.8 years, the mean of Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) was 1.97, the mean MSNQ was 21.58, and the mean emotional quotient (EQ) of the patients was 74.18. The MSNQ had a significant relationship with the total EQ and its sub-categories (P < 0.05).Conclusion: This study showed that EQ and cognitive disorders are directly relevant to each other; as cognitive disorder increases, the EQ rate decreases. Therefore, cognitive rehabilitation might be effective in enhancing the EQ in these patients.