Author = Akram Hashemi
Evaluation of the Persian version of modified fatigue impact scale in Iranian patients with multiple sclerosis.
AbstractBackground: Fatigue, a major cause of disability in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS), is associated with reduced quality of life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability and reproducibility of the Persian version of Modified Fatigue Impact Scale (MFIS) in Iranian patients with MS.Methods: ... Read More
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Etiopathophysiological assessment of cases with chronic daily headache: A functional magnetic resonance imaging included investigation.
AbstractBackground: Chronic daily headache (CDH) has gained little attention in functional neuro-imaging. When no structural abnormality is found in CDH, defining functional correlates between activated brain regions during headache bouts may provide unique insights towards understanding the pathophysiology ... Read More
Predictive role of high sensitive C-reactive protein in early onset mortality after ischemic stroke.
AbstractBackground: High sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) is a systemic inflammatory marker that is produced in a large amount by hepatocytes in response to interleukin-1 (IL-1), IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor after ischemic stroke.Methods: Measurement of hs-CRP in the first 24 hours of onset in 162 patients ... Read More
Modulation of NR1 subunit of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor by ovariectomy and passive avoidance learning.
AbstractBackground: Learning and memory are the most intensively studied subjects in neuroscience. Two sites of mammalian brain which are important in learning and memory are CA1 region of hippocampus and Purkinje cell layer of cerebellum. So, the aim of present investigation was to study of the effect of ovariectomy ... Read More
Effect of pain on the timing pattern of masseter muscle activity during the open-close-clench cycle in the migraine without aura and tension type headaches.
AbstractBackground: The existence of a pathophysiological link between headaches and muscle activity pattern is still being debated. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of pain on the timing pattern of the masseter muscle in patients with tension-type headache (TTH) and migraine without aura ... Read More
AbstractBackground: Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) have different cognitive impairments.The goal of this study is the analysis of these changes in the mentioned patients.A cross-sectional study was performed on 87 patients with PD. Patients were given a questionnaire to gather data about their medical ... Read More
Pantothenate kinase 2 mutation with eye-of-the-tiger sign on magnetic resonance imaging in three siblings.
AbstractBackground: Pantothenate kinase associated neurodegeneration (PKAN) is the most prevalent type of neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) disorders characterized by extrapyramidal signs, and 'eye-of-the-tiger' on T2 brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characterized by hypointensity in ... Read More
Wernicke's encephalopathy in a non-alcoholic Patient: Difficulties of early diagnosis and treatment.
AbstractBackground: Prevalence of electrophysiological abnormalities in patients with lumbosacral radiculopathy was evaluated.Methods:A cross-sectional study was performed on 97 consecutive patients with the clinical diagnosis of lumbosacral radiculopathy. Complete neurological examinations and standard electrophysiological ... Read More
AbstractBackground: Disease-modifying drugs (DMDs) are a significant expenditure for treating multiple sclerosis (MS). However, there is limited report on assessment of the cost-utility of DMDs compared with symptom management in the presence of long-term data. This study aimed to assess the lifetime cost-utility ... Read More
AbstractBackground: Stroke is the first cause of morbidity all around the world. Entrapment neuropathies are a known complication of stroke. The objective of this study is to assess the frequency of subclinical carpal tunnel syndrome in the healthy and paretic hands of stroke patients.Methods:The authors performed ... Read More
A preliminary path analysis: Effect of psychopathological symptoms, mental and physical dysfunctions related to quality of life and body mass index on fatigue severity of Iranian patients with multiple sclerosis.
AbstractBackground: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurological disease with fatigue as most prevalent symptom. Psychopathological symptoms, physical and mental dysfunctions and body mass abnormalities potentially could deteriorate fatigue. Thus, in this study, we aimed at evaluating the effect of these factors ... Read More
Effects of oxcarbazepine versus carbamazepine on tinnitus: A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial.
AbstractBackground: It is still a challenge to find an effective treatment for tinnitus. The aim of this study was the evaluation of carbamazepine and oxcarbazepine effects on tinnitus.Methods:In a randomized double-blind clinical trial, 57 patients who were visited in a university hospital due to chronic non-pulsatile ... Read More
AbstractBackground: Vertebrobasilar arterial territory nourishes one-quarter of human brain. It constitutes some vital and strategic parts of the central nervous system.Methods: A number of keywords (vertebral, basilar, artery, and territory) were searched in MEDLINE (Ovid and PubMed) as well as Google, ProQuest, ... Read More
Paget's disease of bone presented as normal pressure hydrocephalus: A case report and review of literature.
AbstractBackground: Paget's disease is a focal bone disorder manifested as bone overgrowth and disrupted bone integrity as a result of accelerated bone remodelling rate. Rarely, Paget's disease of the base of the skull results in hydrocephalic dementia, and the triad of normal pressure hydrocephalus syndrome ... Read More
Frequency distribution of the first clinical symptoms in the Iranian population with multiple sclerosis.
AbstractBackground: Initial symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS) may be varied and nonspecific. We tried to find the frequency distribution of the first clinical symptoms in Iranian patients with MS.Methods: In a case series study, 1130 patients with definite diagnosis of MS who had been referred to three referral ... Read More
New diagnostic criteria for multiple sclerosis in patients with clinically isolated syndromes: Some questions could be raised during clinical practice.
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Effects of antiepileptic drugs on sexual function and reproductive hormones of male epileptic patients.