Author = Hosein Shamshiri
AbstractBackground: Previous literatures have shown a transient ischemic attack (TIA) mimic rate of 9-31%. We aimed to ascertain the proportion of stroke mimics amongst suspected TIA patients. Methods: A prospective observational study was performed in Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad, Iran ... Read More
Pulmonary function tests in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and the association between these tests and survival.
AbstractBackground: The rapidity of progression of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) to death or respiratory failure impacts patients, clinicians, and clinical investigators. The aim of this study is to evaluate of the pulmonary function tests (PFTs) in patients with ALS and the association between these PFTs ... Read More
AbstractBackground: Incidence and predominant subtype of Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) differs geographically. Electrophysiology has an important role in early diagnosis and prediction of prognosis. This study is conducted to determine the frequent subtype of GBS in a large group of patients ... Read More
AbstractBackground: Some studies in recent years showed that carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), indicator of the presence of atherosclerosis, was higher in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in comparison with normal subjects. They concluded that NAFLD patients ... Read More
AbstractBackground: Cognitive impairment is one of the most crucial disorders among multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. Since MS is an inflammatory disease and Boswellia papyrifera has anti-inflammatory effects, the influence of B. papyrifera on cognitive impairment in MS ... Read More
AbstractBackground: Migraine is a chronic neurological disorder, characterized by recurrent moderate to severe headaches. Worldwide migraine a=ects nearly 15%. Studies suggest that genes involved in the production of nitric oxide (NO) may act as genetic factors for migraine. NO synthase 3 (NOS3) ... Read More
AbstractBackground: Multiple sclerosis (MS) patients permanently confronted with serious challenges from treatment regimen. Developing a new questionnaire in MS management, through evaluation of patients’ perspectives and knowledge regarding treatment will help to identify ... Read More
Association of interleukin 7 receptor gene polymorphism rs6897932 with multiple sclerosis patients in Khuzestan.
AbstractBackground: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory demyelinating and neurodegenerative disease of central nervous system with unknown causes. Etiology of MS involves both genetic and environment factors. The interleukin 7 receptor (IL7R) gene ... Read More
AbstractBackground: Non-ketotic hyperglycemia (NKHG) may increase the probability of seizures and movement disorders. Methods: We describe a series of 14 elders admitted for seizures and movement disorders linked to NKHG.Results: Twelve patients developed motor seizures and two others movement disorders. ... Read More
AbstractMorning glory syndrome (MGS) is a rare congenital optic disc anomaly characterized by a funnel-shaped, excavated optic disc surrounded by chorioretinal pigmentary disturbance. The main ophthalomoscopic feature of the MGS is enlarged optic disc with a funnel shaped scleral defect; elevated peripapillary ... Read More
Cerebral abscess complicating embolization of an arteriovenous malformation: Case report and review of litera.
AbstractCentral nervous system infection is a rare complication of endovascular procedures. We report a 21-year-old woman presented with headache, nausea, vomiting, and right-sided hemiparesis 4 months after endovascular embolization of cerebral arteriovenous malformation. Investigations led to the diagnosis ... Read More
AbstractMultiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common chronic autoimmune demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system (CNS) which preferentially involves young women in early child bearing age. Opposite to traditional view emphasized on discouraging female patients from enduring pregnancy, recent investigations ... Read More
Correlation of multiple sclerosis (MS) incidence trends with solar and geomagnetic indices: Time to revise the method of reporting MS epidemiological data.
AbstractBackground:Recently, we introduced solar related geomagnetic disturbances (GMD) as a potential environmental risk factor for multiple sclerosis (MS). The aim of this study was to test probable correlation between solar activities and GMD with long-term variations of MS incidence.Methods:After a systematic ... Read More
AbstractBackground: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is one of the inflammatory mediators characterized by elevated levels in ischemic stroke (IS) patients. The present study set out to assess the role of IL-6, as a marker for inflammation, in the severity and prognosis of acute IS.Methods:In a cross-sectional descriptive ... Read More
AbstractBackground: As both oral and verbal apraxia are related to vocal orofacial musculature, this study aimed at identifying brain regions impaired in cases with oral and verbal apraxia.Methods: In this non-experimental study, 46 left brain damaged subjects (17 females) aged 23–84 years, ... Read More
AbstractBackground: Pragmatics is appropriate use of language across a variety of social contexts that provides accurate interpretation of intentions. The occurrence of the right hemisphere lesions can interfere with pragmatic abilities, and particularly with the processing of nonliteral ... Read More
Parkinsonism associated with multiple sclerosis: A report of eight new cases and a review on the literature.
AbstractBackground: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune inflammatory disease that affects the central nervous system. Except tremor, other movement disorders such as Parkinsonism are less frequent in MS. However, some investigations have shown inflammatory and autoimmune aspects of Parkinson’s ... Read More
Comparison of the health-related quality of life between epileptic patients with partial and generalized seizure.
AbstractBackground: Epilepsy is defined as recurrent unprovoked febrile seizures, which cause disability in patients. This study aims to assess the health-related quality-of-life (QOL) in epileptic patients in Fars Province, southern Iran.Methods: One-hundred epileptic patients, above ... Read More
Decompressive craniectomy after unsuccessful intravenous thrombolysis of malignant cerebral infarction.
AbstractBackground: Intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) is an approved treatment for acute ischemic stroke within 4.5 h of symptoms onset. Decompressive craniectomy (DC) has been shown as an effective therapeutic modality in malignant middle cerebral artery (MCA) ... Read More
AbstractBackground: Fatigue, depression, and physical impairment are common among multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between depression, physical impairment, and fatigue in an Iranian MS cohort.Methods: Fifty consecutive relapsing-remitting ... Read More