Author = Hosein Shamshiri
The relationship between enhanced plaques with Gadovist and Magnevist contrast brain magnetic resonance imaging and the neurological deficit in the acute phase of relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis.
AbstractBackground: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the standard method for observing brain plaques and contrast material injection is necessary for demonstrating the active plaque.This study compared the rate of enhancement of plaques with Gadovist and Magnevist in relapse phase of MS.Methods: In this double ... Read More
AbstractBackground: It has been suggested that nutrition might play a role in the etiology of multiple sclerosis (MS). However, dietary patterns associated with MS risk are unknown. This study was conducted to compare the dietary patterns of patients with MS and healthy controls to find the relationship between ... Read More
AbstractBackground: There is a known inverse association between solar radiation and the prevalence of multiple sclerosis (MS). Some studies have investigated the link between vitamin D and MS. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible association between serum 25(OH) vitamin D3 concentration and ... Read More
AbstractCeliac disease or gluten sensitivity may initially present as one or more neurological signs and/or symptoms. On the other hand, it may be associated with or complicated by neurological manifestations. Neurological presentations are rare in children but as many as 36% of adult patients present with neurological ... Read More
Multifocal inflammatory leukoencephalopathy induced by accidental consumption of levamisole: A case report.
AbstractLevamisole is an anthelmintic agent and also immunostimulant drug which is used to treat colorectal cancer. The present study aimed to show accidental consumption of levamisole alone induced multifocal inflammatory leukoencephalopathy. A 53-year-old male was admitted to the Neurology Department of Farabi ... Read More
AbstractBackground: Available evidence shows that tetracycline family has cellular and molecular mechanisms to protect neurons and oligodendrocytes by modulating matrix metalloproteinases. We tried to compare the effectiveness of intramuscular and subcutaneous interferon beta-1a (INF-β1a) in combination with ... Read More
AbstractBackground: Impact of high level of uric acid on stroke is still controversial. We conducted this study to investigate the relationship between acute ischemic non-embolic stroke and serum levels of uric acid.Methods: This was a case-control study on patients with acute ischemic non-embolic stroke in ... Read More
AbstractBackground: Multiple sclerosis (MS), a chronic inflammatory demyelinating disorder with neurodegenerative aspects, is more common among young adults, particularly women.Methods: This molecular study was designed to investigate the IL-7R α chain gene in Iranian MS patients. We studied 60 MS patients, ... Read More
AbstractBackground: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a non-invasive instrument, which can be used to estimate the thickness of the retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) and provides an indirect measurement of axonal destruction in multiple sclerosis (MS). The main aim of this study was to find out any correlations ... Read More
AbstractBackground: The most common neurologic manifestation of gluten sensitivity is ataxia, which accounts for up to 40% of idiopathic sporadic ataxia. Timing of diagnosis of gluten ataxia is vital as it is one of the very few treatable causes of sporadic ataxia and causes irreversible loss of Purkinje cells. ... Read More
The effects of sodium valproate with fish oil supplementation or alone in migraine prevention: A randomized single-blind clinical trial.
AbstractBackground: Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have beneficial effects on both specific and non-specific inflammatory reactions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of dietary supplementation with fish oil in migraine prevention.Methods: A 12-week, randomized, single-blind clinical ... Read More
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis with laboratory abnormalities of uncertain significance: A brief review.
AbstractAmyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), the most common form of motor neuron disease, is a progressive and devastating disease involving both lower and upper motor neurons, typically following a relentless progression towards death. Therefore, all efforts must be made by the clinician to exclude alternative ... Read More
AbstractMedulloblastoma is one of the most common primary tumors of the central nervous system of children but it is uncommon in adult age. We report a case of young male presented with a history of generalized headache that was found to have medulloblastoma with diffuse leptomeningeal involvement without prominent ... Read More
Brain tuberculoma: Report of a case presented with prolonged nonspecific symptoms and multiple brain tuberculoma.
AbstractBackground: Migraine is a prevalent disease which is classified into two groups of migraine with aura and without aura. Eighteen percent of women and 6.5 percent of men in United States have migraine headache. Migraine headache is prevalent in all age groups but it usually subsides in adults above fifty. ... Read More
Comparison of validity and reliability of the Migraine disability assessment (MIDAS) versus headache impact test (HIT) in an Iranian population.
AbstractBackground: Migraine is one of the most common headaches that affect 11% or more adult population. Recently, researchers have designed two questionnaires, namely Headache Impact Test (HIT) and Migraine Disability Assessment (MIDAS), with the aim of improving migraine care. These two tests provide a standard ... Read More
AbstractBackground: Epileptic seizures would result in embarrassment in society and have some negative impact on the patients' social activities. The aim of this study was to show the perceived impact of epilepsy by patients on different aspect of their social activities including occupation, marriage and education.Methods: ... Read More
AbstractBackground: Some coincidental disorders with migraine have been introduced that may have role in its pathogenesis or aggravation. In this study we determined the relative frequency of hyperlipidemia as a coincidental disorder in patients affected by migraine.Methods: A total of 102 migraine-affected ... Read More
Effect of treating helicobacter pylori infection on seizure frequency in patients with refractory epilepsy.
AbstractBackground: The main purpose of the current study was to determine the effect of treating helicobacter pylori (HP) infection on seizure frequency in patients with refractory epilepsy.Methods: A small sample of adult patients above 18 years of age with a diagnosis of refractory epilepsy was studied at ... Read More
Four cases of brown-vialetto-van laere syndrome from Iran: Clinical and electrophysiologic findings.
AbstractBrown-Vialetto-Van Laere syndrome (BVVLS) is a rare neurological disorder. We report our finding about four patients clinically and electrophysiologically diagnosed as BVVLS and denoted their clinical features with comparison to previous reports. The first symptom was bilateral hearing loss and the onset ... Read More