Volume 22 (2023)
Volume 21 (2022)
Volume 20 (2021)
Volume 19 (2020)
Volume 18 (2019)
Volume 17 (2018)
Volume 16 (2017)
Volume 15 (2016)
Volume 14 (2015)
Volume 13 (2014)
Volume 12 (2013)
Volume 11 (2012)
Volume 10 (2011)
Waterpipe and cigarette smoking and drug and alcohol consumption, and the risk of primary progressive multiple sclerosis: A population-based case-control study

Seyyed Hosein Mortazavi; Abdorreza Naser Moghadasi; Amir Almasi-Hashiani; Mohammad Ali Sahraian; Hooman Goudarzi; Sharareh Eskandarieh

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 03 April 2023

  Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic central nervous system disease, and primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS) is one the main types of MS, which has unknown environmental risk factors.   The present study was conducted with the aim to identify the association of waterpipe and ...  Read More

Environmental risk factors of multiple sclerosis in the Middle East and North Africa region: A systematic review

Hossein Maroufi; Seyyed Hosein Mortazavi; Mohammad Ali Sahraian; Sharareh Eskandarieh

Volume 20, Issue 3 , July 2021, , Pages 166-184


  Background: The environmental factors play a role as risk factors of multiple sclerosis (MS). This study aimed at gathering environmental risk factors of MS in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Methods: We used MEDLINE and EMBASE databases by a systematic review method. Out of a total of 123 studies, ...  Read More