Volume 22 (2023)
Volume 21 (2022)
Volume 20 (2021)
Volume 19 (2020)
Volume 18 (2019)
Volume 17 (2018)
Volume 16 (2017)
Volume 15 (2016)
Volume 14 (2015)
Volume 13 (2014)
Volume 12 (2013)
Volume 11 (2012)
Volume 10 (2011)
Validation of the Persian version of dysphagia in multiple sclerosis questionnaire for the assessment of dysphagia in multiple sclerosis

Zahra Jafari; Mohammad Rahim Shahbodaghi; Saman Maroufizadeh; Abdorreza Naser Moghadasi

Volume 17, Issue 3 , July 2018, , Pages 99-104

  Background: About one third of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) experience dysphagia. Dysphagia can cause complications such as malnutrition, lung infections, aspiration pneumonia and dehydration, thus it is very helpful to diagnose dysphagia as soon as possible. The aim in this study was to translate ...  Read More

Normative data for the Pyramids and Palm Trees Test in literate Persian adults

Azar Mehri; Seyede Zohreh Mousavi; Mohammad Kamali; Saman Maroufizadeh

Volume 17, Issue 1 , January 2018, , Pages 18-23

  Background: Semantic test of Pyramids and Palm Trees (PPT) is the most common test for assessing memory. Since this test is related to language and culture, normative data in different populations are needed.Methods: This study was conducted on 270 literate men and women Persian adults aged from 20 to ...  Read More