Document Type: Original Article
TSocial Determinants of Health Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
Razi Educational and Therapeutic Psychiatric Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Multiple Sclerosis Research Center, Neuroscience Institute, Sina Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Psychosomatic Medicine Research Center, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran Baharloo Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Background: Considering the high probability of suicidal behaviors in multiple sclerosis (MS) population of other countries and the unlikeliness of its diagnosis in patients with MS by specialists, the current research targets the frequency of suicidal thoughts and mood symptoms in a group of patients with MS in Iran. Also, we investigated the relationships among suicidal thoughts, anxiety, depression, anticipated stigma, social support, some disease characteristics, and sociodemographic factors.
Methods: A sample of 276 subjects were selected from community-based MS clinics and referral out-patient MS clinic of Sina Hospital affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Participants completed the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Chronic Illness Anticipated Stigma Scale (CIASS), the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), and a personal information questionnaire.
Results: 36.2% of the participants had suicidal thoughts. Suicidal ideation was significantly more likely among people who reported higher anxiety and depression scores or anticipated stigma from their friends and families. Women and patients with higher education experienced suicidal ideation more frequently than others.
Conclusion: The importance of comorbidities of suicidal thoughts with anticipated stigma, depression, and anxiety in patients with MS, emphasizing the need for paying attention to it, and considering effective therapeutic interventions focused on alleviating perceived stigma as well as mood symptoms.
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