Document Type : Original Article
1 Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 Functional Neurosurgery Research Center, Shohada Tajrish Comprehensive Neurosurgical Center of Excellence, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Functional Neurosurgery Research Center, Shohada Tajrish Comprehensive Neurosurgical Center of Excellence, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 School of Medicine, Yazd University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
Background: Despite many studies, it is still unclear how patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) would respond to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We conducted a research on prevalence of COVID-19 in patients with NMOSD in Isfahan, Iran. We have also reviewed the recent publications on this issue.
Methods: 149 patients with NMOSD who were under medications were monitored for confirmed cases of COVID-19. Prevalence of COVID-19 in addition to mean age, mean duration of disease, and mean age of onset of infected patients and uninfected patients were calculated via Microsoft Excel software.
Results: The prevalence of COVID-19 in studied patients with NMOSD was 5.37%. Mean age, mean duration of disease, and mean age of onset of eight patients (male to female ratio: 1:3) diagnosed with COVID-19 were 33.62 ± 5.20 years, 6.87 ± 6.05 years, and 26.75 ± 6.94 years, respectively, while they were 39.97 ± 11.37 years, 7.50 ± 3.91 years, and 32.46 ± 11.29 years for uninfected patients with NMOSD (n = 141). No significant association was observed between the type of medications and prevalence of COVID-19 (P > 0.05).
Conclusion: There is not a consensus in the literature on the prevalence of COVID-19 in patients with NMOSD and the effect of NMOSD medications on susceptibility to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The prevalence of COVID-19 in our sample was 5.37%. The impact of the kind of NMOSD medication on the prevalence of COVID-19 in patients with NMOSD was found to be insignificant. Moreover, the infected patients were relatively younger, and their disease started earlier in comparison to uninfected patients.
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