Document Type : Original Article
- Elyar Sadeghi-Hokmabadi 1
- Abdoreza Ghoreishi 2
- Reza Rikhtegar 3
- Payam Sariaslani 4
- Shahram Rafie 5
- Alireza Vakilian 6
- Ehsan Sharifipour 7
- Masoud Mehrpour 8
- Mohammad Saadatnia 9
- Mohammad Mirza-Aghazadeh-Attari 10
- Mehdi Farhoudi 1
1 Neurosciences Research Center AND Division of Neurology, Imam Reza Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
2 Stroke Research Group, Vali-e-Asr Hospital AND Department of Neurology and Stroke Unit, School of Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
3 Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Neuroradiology, School of Medicine, Essen University Hospital, Germany
4 Clinical Research Development Center, Imam Reza Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
5 Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
6 Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
7 Neuroscience Research Center, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
8 Iranian Stroke Association, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
9 Isfahan Neurosciences Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
10 Medical Imaging Research Group, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Background: Rates of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) after intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) differ depending on ethnicity, one reason that few Eastern countries have approved a lower dose of alteplase. Data in this regard are scarce in the Middle Eastern region.
Methods: The present retrospective study was performed on data extracted from the Safe Implementation of Treatments in Stroke (SITS) registry. Computed tomography (CT) image analysis was based on the SITS-Monitoring Study (SITS-MOST) definition for symptomatic ICH (SICH). Functional outcome at 3 months was assessed using the modified Rankin Scale (mRS). Multivariate logistic regression including adjusted analysis was used for comparison between groups.
Results: Of 6615 patients, 1055 were enrolled. A total of 86% (n = 906) received a standard dose and 14% (n = 149) received a low dose of alteplase. Favorable 3-month outcome was achieved in 481 (53%) patients in the standard group and 71 (48%) patients in the low-dose group [adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 1.24, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.87-1.75, P = 0.218]. SICH occurred in 14 (1.5%) patients in the standard group and 3 (2%) patients in the low-dose group [odds ratio (OR) = 2.77, 95% CI: 0.36-21.04, P = 0.120]. At 3 months, mortality occurred in 145 (16.0%) patients in the standard group and 29 (19.4%) patients in the low-dose group (OR = 1.22, 95% CI: 0.78-1.91, P = 0.346).
Conclusion: Low-dose compared to standard-dose alteplase for patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) was not associated with fewer hemorrhagic events and there was no significant difference in the favorable 3-month outcome (mRS: 0-2) or mortality rate.
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