Document Type : Clinical Notes


Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran




  1. Izquierdo-Dominguez A, Rojas-Lechuga MJ, Mullol J, Alobid I. Olfactory dysfunction in the COVID-19 outbreak. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol 2020; 30(5): 317-26.
  2. Seiden AM, Duncan HJ. The diagnosis of a conductive olfactory loss. Laryngoscope 2001; 111(1): 9-14.
  3. Akerlund A, Bende M, Murphy C. Olfactory threshold and nasal mucosal changes in experimentally induced common cold. Acta Otolaryngol 1995; 115(1): 88-92.
  4. Bagheri S H, Asghari A, Farhadi M, 1 Shamshiri A R, Kabir A, Kamrava S K, et al. Coincidence of COVID-19 epidemic and olfactory dysfunction outbreak in Iran. Med J Islam Repub Iran 2020; 34: 62.
  5. Leboucq N, Menjot de Champfleur N, Menjot de Champfleur S, Bonafe A. The olfactory system. Diagn Interv Imaging 2013; 94(10): 985-91.
  6. Eliezer M, Hautefort C. MRI evaluation of the olfactory clefts in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection revealed an unexpected mechanism for olfactory function loss. Acad Radiol 2020; 27(8): 1191.
  7. Karimi-Galougahi M, Yousefi-Koma A, Bakhshayeshkaram M, Raad N, Haseli S. (18) FDG PET/CT scan reveals hypoactive orbitofrontal cortex in anosmia of COVID-19. Acad Radiol 2020; 27(7): 1042-3.
  8. Karimi-Galougahi M, Ghorbani J, Bakhshayeshkaram M, Naeini AS, Haseli S. Olfactory bulb magnetic resonance imaging in SARS-CoV-2-induced anosmia: The first report. Acad Radiol 2020; 27(6): 892-3.