Original Article
1. Association of human leukocyte antigen-DRB haplotype in multiple sclerosis population of Khuzestan, Iran

Nooshin Delfan; Mohammad Shafiei; Farideh Ghanbari-Mardasi; Tahereh Latifi; Nastaran Majdinasab; Tahereh Seifi

Volume 17, Issue 4 , Autumn 2018, Pages 154-160

Abstract
  Background: One of the demyelinating and inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) is multiple sclerosis (MS). Though pathogenesis of MS is still unknown, both genetic and environmental factors are involved. The human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class-II alleles including HLA-DRB5*01, DQB1*0602, ...  Read More

Original Article
2. Prevalence of new-onset migraine in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension in comparison to the general population

Mansoureh Togha; Kamran Shirbache; Reza Rahmanzadeh; Zeinab Ghorbani; Zahra Yari; Farshid Refaeian; Shirin Behbahani; Parsa Panahi

Volume 17, Issue 4 , Autumn 2018, Pages 161-166

Abstract
  Background: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) encompasses patients with elevated intracranial pressure (ICP). Generally, it is difficult to make a differential diagnosis between IIH and co-existing migraine headaches. Thus, this article intends to estimate the prevalence of migraine in patients ...  Read More

Original Article
3. Medullar Kock without Pott: 13 cases observed at the university hospital center of Conakry, Guinea

Fode Abass Cisse; Foksouna Sakadi; Nana Rahamatou Aminou Tassiou; Amadou Talibe Balde; Arcel Steven Nitche Woga; Aissatou Kenda Bah; Souleymane Djigue Barry; Ibrahima Sory Souare; Mohamed Lamine Toure; Amara Cissé

Volume 17, Issue 4 , Autumn 2018, Pages 167-173

Abstract
  Background: The diagnostic certainty of medullar tuberculosis (TB) without Pott disease is difficult to establish in a tropical environment with the large group of infectious, parasitic, and systemic myelopathies, despite the increasing availability of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data and improvement ...  Read More

Review Article
4. Human T-lymphotropic virus type I and breastfeeding; systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature

Reza Boostani; Ramin Sadeghi; Amir Sabouri; Ali Ghabeli

Volume 17, Issue 4 , Autumn 2018, Pages 174-179

Abstract
  Background: The human T-cell lymphotropic virus type-I (HTLV-I) is the first identified pathogenic human retrovirus. Breastfeeding has been reported to be the predominant route of vertical transmission of HTLV-I. The objective of this systematic review was to pool and evaluate the data on the transmission ...  Read More

Review Article
5. Prevalence of dysphagia in multiple sclerosis and its related factors: Systematic review and meta-analysis

Alireza Aghaz; Alireza Alidad; Ehsan Hemmati; Hussein Jadidi; Leila Ghelichi

Volume 17, Issue 4 , Autumn 2018, Pages 180-188

Abstract
  Background: Dysphagia is the most prevalent sign of multiple sclerosis (MS) which can reduce the quality of life and augment mortality in the final stages of MS. We presented a systematic review to estimate the prevalence of dysphagia in general and separately for each evaluation method (subjective and ...  Read More

Short Communication
6. "Eight and a half" and "nine syndrome" rare presentation of pontine lesions; case reports and review of literature

Samira Yadegari; Masoud Aghsaei-Fard; Mohammadreza Akbari; Arash Mirmohammad-Sadeghi

Volume 17, Issue 4 , Autumn 2018, Pages 189-191

Abstract
  Background: Eight-and-a-half syndrome (EHS) is one-and-a-half syndrome [(conjugated horizontal gaze palsy and internuclear ophthalmoplegia (INO)] plus ipsilateral fascicular seventh cranial nerve palsy. Involvement of lower pontine tegmentum including the abducens nucleus, the ipsilateral medial longitudinal ...  Read More